講師、教授、副教授、榮譽教授這些職稱或頭銜到底區別在哪?!

講師、教授、副教授、榮譽教授這些職稱或頭銜到底區別在哪?! 2016-10-13 由 YUNOFFER 發表于教育 前幾天諾貝爾獎一出爐,各校紛紛報道「我校Professor.XXX獲諾貝爾獎」,「我校Honorary Professor.XXX獲諾貝爾獎……」 小YUN不禁傻眼,到底什麼是Full Professor, Associate Professor, Honorary Professor?好學YUN繼續本着勤學好問勇於一天內開十包辣條的精神調查了一番,現在將學術圈裏的各種title整理後,也給大家做個基本介紹。 英國大學、美國大學與中國大學職稱的對等關係: 關於英國大學裏的職稱介紹 在英國大學的課堂上,你會接觸到Professor,Reader,Senior Lecturer和Lecturer等,他們遵照嚴格的體系一級級往上晉升: Professor 意為教授,是英國大學向資深學者授予的最高學術頭銜。有的Professor在院系裏擔任院長或者系主任,又被稱作Chair Professor;有的不擔任院系的行政職位,被稱作PersonalProfessor。英國的professor並不等同於中國的教授。在英國當上Professor要比在中國當上教授難度大得多。https://googleads.g.doubleclick.net/pagead/ads?guci=2.2.0.0.2.2.0.0&client=ca-pub-2923152866385027&output=html&h=280&slotname=7278175363&adk=1393385981&adf=2848146952&pi=t.ma~as.7278175363&w=336&fwrn=4&lmt=1608088598&rafmt=11&psa=1&channel=7355297342&format=336×280&url=https%3A%2F%2Fkknews.cc%2Fzh-hk%2Feducation%2Fparojj.html&flash=0&wgl=1&uach=WyJXaW5kb3dzIiwiMTAuMCIsIng4NiIsIiIsIjg3LjAuNDI4MC44OCIsW11d&tt_state=W3siaXNzdWVyT3JpZ2luIjoiaHR0cHM6Ly9hZHNlcnZpY2UuZ29vZ2xlLmNvbSIsInN0YXRlIjowfSx7Imlzc3Vlck9yaWdpbiI6Imh0dHBzOi8vYXR0ZXN0YXRpb24uYW5kcm9pZC5jb20iLCJzdGF0ZSI6MH1d&dt=1608088597896&bpp=34&bdt=187&idt=229&shv=r20201203&cbv=r20190131&ptt=9&saldr=aa&abxe=1&cookie=ID%3D858521fadb5dde1f-223f2dedf8c40027%3AT%3D1606892522%3ART%3D1606892522%3AS%3DALNI_MYL7ouSNagsBBUAhek5he8GGAcFHA&prev_fmts=336×280&correlator=7849617304715&pv_ch=7355297342%2B&frm=20&pv=1&ga_vid=1555835783.1606892523&ga_sid=1608088598&ga_hid=1862189248&ga_fc=0&rplot=4&u_tz=480&u_his=3&u_java=0&u_h=1080&u_w=1920&u_ah=1040&u_aw=1920&u_cd=24&u_nplug=3&u_nmime=4&adx=428&ady=1964&biw=1513&bih=745&scr_x=0&scr_y=0&eid=21067982%2C21066612&oid=3&pvsid=3639224365336910&pem=978&ref=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com%2F&rx=0&eae=0&fc=640&brdim=138%2C55%2C138%2C55%2C1920%2C0%2C1924%2C1019%2C1526%2C745&vis=1&rsz=%7C%7CeEbr%7C&abl=CS&pfx=0&fu=8320&bc=31&ifi=2&uci=a!2&btvi=2&fsb=1&xpc=YkgV47SwhY&p=https%3A//kknews.cc&dtd=234 Reader 字面意思是讀者,是英國大學授予研究或學術成就名揚海內外的資深學者的頭銜,它比Senior Lecturer高一級,比Professor低一級。要想成為Reader,需要具有優良的學術出版物,獲得過研究資助並有外部推薦。 Senior Lecturer 字意是高級講師。在英國大學裏,SeniorLecturer需要具有良好的教學和行政能力,又要展示出很強的研究能力。從級別上看,它介於普通的Lecturer和Reader之間,需要先晉升為Reader,然後才有機會成為Professor。 Lecturer 字意是講師,但並不等同於中國大學裏的講師。在英國大學裏,它是初級的學術頭銜,負責開設講座課程,帶領研究小組和指導研究生。 英國大學裏還有一些教學頭銜,如Assistant Lecturer(助理講師),Demonstrator(指導人員),Seminar Leader(研討主持),Associate Lecturer(副講師)和Graduate Teaching Assistant(本科生助教)等,它們比Lecturer低,不算是正式的學術頭銜。https://googleads.g.doubleclick.net/pagead/ads?guci=2.2.0.0.2.2.0.0&client=ca-pub-2923152866385027&output=html&h=280&slotname=7278175363&adk=1393385981&adf=2562137212&pi=t.ma~as.7278175363&w=336&fwrn=4&lmt=1608088598&rafmt=11&psa=1&channel=7355297342&format=336×280&url=https%3A%2F%2Fkknews.cc%2Fzh-hk%2Feducation%2Fparojj.html&flash=0&wgl=1&uach=WyJXaW5kb3dzIiwiMTAuMCIsIng4NiIsIiIsIjg3LjAuNDI4MC44OCIsW11d&tt_state=W3siaXNzdWVyT3JpZ2luIjoiaHR0cHM6Ly9hZHNlcnZpY2UuZ29vZ2xlLmNvbSIsInN0YXRlIjowfSx7Imlzc3Vlck9yaWdpbiI6Imh0dHBzOi8vYXR0ZXN0YXRpb24uYW5kcm9pZC5jb20iLCJzdGF0ZSI6MH1d&dt=1608088597948&bpp=1&bdt=239&idt=204&shv=r20201203&cbv=r20190131&ptt=9&saldr=aa&abxe=1&cookie=ID%3D858521fadb5dde1f-223f2dedf8c40027%3AT%3D1606892522%3ART%3D1606892522%3AS%3DALNI_MYL7ouSNagsBBUAhek5he8GGAcFHA&prev_fmts=336×280%2C336x280&correlator=7849617304715&pv_ch=7355297342%2B&frm=20&pv=1&ga_vid=1555835783.1606892523&ga_sid=1608088598&ga_hid=1862189248&ga_fc=0&rplot=4&u_tz=480&u_his=3&u_java=0&u_h=1080&u_w=1920&u_ah=1040&u_aw=1920&u_cd=24&u_nplug=3&u_nmime=4&adx=428&ady=2895&biw=1513&bih=745&scr_x=0&scr_y=0&eid=21067982%2C21066612&oid=3&pvsid=3639224365336910&pem=978&ref=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com%2F&rx=0&eae=0&fc=640&brdim=138%2C55%2C138%2C55%2C1920%2C0%2C1924%2C1019%2C1526%2C745&vis=1&rsz=%7C%7CeEbr%7C&abl=CS&pfx=0&fu=8320&bc=31&ifi=3&uci=a!3&btvi=3&fsb=1&xpc=Y0Ad30HPHZ&p=https%3A//kknews.cc&dtd=211 英國大學裏還有一類走純粹研究道路的人,他們的頭銜如下: […]

op amp

Circuit fantasist5517Dec 6, 17:05TL Fong, thanks for the valuable thoughts! I completely share them; I have been using some of them for a long time. But in SE EE I had problems […]

tunnel diode notes

OK, I wrote an introductory post to the blog…  8 hours later… tlfong01Dec 4, 10:24Take your time, my friend! “The Mythical Man-Month, Essays on Software Engineering” – Wikipedia: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/…  4 hours later… tlfong014896Dec 4, 13:58You said earlier you need […]